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Zimbabwe

Yearbook 1999

1999 ZimbabweZimbabwe. According to Countryaah official website, the economic and political crisis in the country deepened during the year. Both foreign governments and the opposition in the country criticized the corruption and President Robert Mugabe's demand that the judiciary and the media should submit to the government's political line. Several countries, including Denmark, withdrew their aid.

Strikes broke out in June among the civil servants and were followed by, among other things. a six-week medical strike in the fall. The doctors demanded not only higher wages, but also an upgrading of the entire healthcare system, which was close to collapse. The health crisis coincided with Mugabe recognizing for the first time that AIDS has become a national disaster requiring approximately 1,200 deaths each week. The doctors' strike ended after the government promised to double wages and better working conditions. The entire public sector was promised better conditions, and Mugabe also offered financial compensation to the relatives of the thousands killed in the province of Matabeleland during a civil conflict in the 1980s. Following the death of Vice President Joshua Nkomo in July, Mugabe asked at his funeral for forgiveness for the abuses that the army's elite forces exposed to the Ndebel people.

1999 Zimbabwe

Critics felt that Mugabe was trying to buy himself the victory in the 2000 parliamentary elections. Growth has virtually stopped, inflation is up 70% and every third adult is unemployed. The war in Congo-Kinshasa was estimated to cost the nearly ruined Zimbabwe upwards of $ 27 million a month, but the government only admitted costs of three million. In September, to finance the 11,000 soldiers' presence in Congo, Zimbabwe signed an agreement with the Kinshasa government on joint mining of Congo's gold and diamonds. Critics saw the settlement as a form of neo-colonial plunder.

At the initiative of the national organization ZCTU, a new opposition party was formed in September, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The party was at the forefront of the protests against a constitutional change that was tabled in November that, according to the opposition, does not clearly limit the president's almost unrestricted power. It is also not clear whether Mugabe must resign when his term expires in 2002.

 
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