Countryaah official website, Angola accused Zambia in February of providing
military support to the UNITA opposition movement. A series
of blast attacks in the capital, Lusaka, were believed to be
linked to the conflict - either as Angolan revenge or the
Zambian security service executed them to rally the nation
and give the government a pretext to strike against the
opposition. During the early summer, the dispute was settled
and an agreement on strengthened relations between the
countries was signed.
Former President Kenneth Kaunda was deprived of his
citizenship in April on the grounds that his parents came
from Malawi, which during the colonial period was
administered together with Zambia. Kaunda was accused of
illegally obtaining his citizenship. In November, Kaunda's
son Wezi, who was expected to take over the leadership of
the father formed by the United National Independence Party
(UNIP), was murdered. Police said the shooting was linked to
a failed car theft, but the Kaunda family claimed it was a
In September, 59 soldiers were sentenced to death for
participating in the coup attempt in 1997.
President Chiluba was arrested in February 2003 after 59
charges were brought against him - including misdemeanor
misdemeanor and theft of $ 30 million. US $. In December, he
was put on trial, charged with corruption.
Also in December, the Supreme Court affirmed the death
sentence of over 40 of the 59 officers involved in the 1997
In September 2004, several of the corruption charges
against Chiluba were withdrawn, but a few hours later the
president was again arrested on 6 new charges.
In January 2005, the government admitted that the state
had been the victim of a scam that cost $ 940 million. US $.
In April, the World Bank granted a $ 3.8 billion aid program
to Zambia. US $, including a 50% remission of the country's
In November, Mwanawasa declared the country in national
disaster as a result of the drought and requested
international disaster relief for the one million Zambians
without food access.
A court in Lusaka declared in June 2007 that Chibula was
quick enough to stand before a court. It thus rejected the
defense's claim that his health did not allow his
In August, the government transformed the death penalty
to over 97 deaths .
Mwanawasa suffered a heart attack in June 2008 and the
presidential office was then temporarily taken over by Vice
President Rupiah Banda. When Mwanawasa died in August, Banda
took over the post. In the October presidential election, he
won with 40% of the vote over the main counterpart, Michael
Sata of the Patriotic Front, who got 38%. Sata was at the
beginning of the counting of votes, but as the votes entered
the territories he was overtaken by Banda. Sata and PF
subsequently claimed that there had been electoral fraud,
refused to acknowledge the result and it came to riots in
Lusaka and Kitwe.
In 2009, MMD elected Banda to the party's candidate at
the next presidential election in 2011. The decision was
criticized internally as undemocratic, and led among other
things. to the Secretary of Defense withdrew.
By mid-2008, the population of Zambia rose unexpectedly.
This was due to the rising violence in South Africa
targeting Zimbabweans. About 60,000 Zimbabweans live in
refugee camps in Zambia, and another 50,000 live in the
country. There are also 55,400 refugees from the Democratic
Republic of Congo and 40,800 from Angola in Zambia.
In 2009, Zambia was hit hard by the world economic crisis
that caused commodity prices to plummet.
Michael Sata won the September 2011 presidential election
over incumbent President Banda. Chinese companies had
invested $ 2 billion in 2010 US $ in Zambia, one of the
world's largest copper producers, but accused by many -
including Sata - of operating on slave-like working methods,
ignoring worker protection and local cultural conditions.
Sata's harsh rhetoric towards the Chinese gave him the
nickname "King Cobra". Sata won over Banda with 42.0% of the
vote against 35.4%. The MMD's 20-year monopoly on the
presidential post was thus broken.
Banda lost his judicial immunity in 2013, and the state
Anti Corruption Commission immediately brought charges
against him for, among other things. having received DKK 2.5
million; US $ in connection with an oil agreement between
Zambia and Nigeria.