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Yearbook 1999

Ukraine. According to Countryaah official website, domestic politics was dominated by the campaign ahead of the November presidential campaign. The incumbent President Leonid Kuchma was challenged primarily by the left-wing radical and populist Natalja Vitrenko and Communist Party leader Peter Simonenko. Kuchma promised to continue with market reforms and a Western-friendly policy, focusing on closer ties with the EU and NATO. Vitrenko wanted Ukraine to set the loan payments to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and use the money for, among other things. increased pensions. She was bombed at one of her elections in October and was lightly wounded. A large number of meeting participants were also injured. Simonenko tried to alleviate the widespread communist terror and said that he would neither break with the IMF, stop privatization or rush Ukraine into union with the Russian Federation and Belarus.

1999 Ukraine

Large sums in wages and pensions had not been paid, and there was a deep popular dissatisfaction with what Kuchma had done. But at the same time, the fear was great for a return to a Soviet-like system and for a possible union with the Russian Federation and Belarus. Kuchma played in this election campaign in this election, and he won the first round of elections before Simonenko. In the second round, Kuchma won 56% of the vote against 38% for Simonenko. The latter received the majority of votes in the precarious and economically poor areas in the east, while Kuchma received overwhelming support in the west.

During the campaign, the opposition had been very difficult to come up with in the media. Its candidates also accused Kuchma of breaking the electoral law and using military and security services to undermine the opposition.

Repeated attacks against opposition election workers and offices were not investigated. Prior to the election, the majority in Parliament supported a statement that the president turned the government into its campaign headquarters and used it to impede its rivals in the election campaign.

In early December, Kuchma signed a decree on a comprehensive land reform and decommissioning of the country's collective agriculture. The collective lands can now be bought, sold or leased by Ukrainians but not by foreigners.

Kuchma, who criticized the Russian war in Chechnya, met Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow in December. Relations with the Russian Federation are very important for Ukraine, which gets most of both oil and gas from it. 40% of foreign trade is with the Russian Federation.

The EU, which emphasized the importance of fair elections in Ukraine, set the country aside when in December the Union decided to invite a number of new countries to membership negotiations. The decision was a big disappointment for the Ukrainian government.

The economic crisis led the left-wing parliament in December to refuse to accept the re-elected president's proposal to give Prime Minister Valerij Pustovojtenko confidence. Instead, Viktor Yushchenko was appointed new head of government. Yushchenko, formerly the governor of the central bank, promised to speed up economic and political reforms and fight corruption. Opposition's Natalja Vitrenko accused Yushchenko of being "the IMF's puppet". The head of the state nuclear agency Energoatom said at the end of the year that the accident-hit nuclear power plant in Chernobyl is likely to be closed in 2000. According to Energoatom's head, Ukraine cannot afford the repairs required for continued operation of the power plant.

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