Uganda. According to
Countryaah official website, a series of explosive attacks in Kampala in the
spring killed at least 15 people. The attacks were believed
to have been carried out by the guerrilla movement United
Democratic Forces. Eight tourists from Britain, New Zealand
and the United States were killed by Rwandan hutumilis near
the border with Rwanda and Congo-Kinshasa, where they set
out to look at mountain gorillas. In the same area, a
Swedish couple was robbed of hutumilis in 1998.
In August and September, around 400 civilians in
northeastern Uganda were killed in a dispute over livestock
between rival clans. 5,000 soldiers were deployed to stop
Despite the continuing unrest and military involvement in
Congo-Kinshasa, defense costs were reduced by 9% in the
1999-2000 budget. During the year, attempts were also made
to end the fighting in the country through peace contacts
with guerrilla movements. In October, 341 men who had been
indicted for participating in armed insurgency against the
government were acquitted. In December, Parliament passed an
amnesty law that for six months guaranteed impunity for
rebels who put down their weapons. An agreement with Sudan
in December to stop supporting the respective countries
'resistance movements was also expected to complicate the
The resignation of Prime Minister Kintu Musoke in April
led to a major transformation of the government. Apolo
Nsimbabi, former Minister of Education, was appointed new
In 2009, the Ugandan military fought LRA forces in the
Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and the Central
African Republic. The military captured some LRA soldiers,
but the LRA subsequently avenged itself by killing about
1,000 civilians in the 3 countries.
In July 2010, the Somali militia al Shabaab carried out a
suicide attack in Kampala in protest of Uganda's
participation in the AMISOM force in Somalia. The bomb
attacks that hit two locations in Kampala cost 76 lives and
70 were wounded. They were aimed at places where the
audience attended the World Cup.
In February 2011, Museveni was re-elected president with
68% of the vote.
Inspired by the "Arab Spring", in the first months of
2011, the opposition conducted a series of campaigns and
demonstrations against the government and the high cost of
living. In April, opposition leader Kizza Besigye was
arrested, triggering riots in Kampala. Besigye declared that
the peaceful protests would continue. During the month, 9
protesters were killed by security forces and over 100
wounded. In October, at least 27 activists were arrested and
charged with high treason. The government's response to the
protests was condemned by several of Uganda's donor
countries. However, it did not apply to the United States
and Britain for whom the country is important in the fight
In October, annual inflation reached 30.5%. Especially
due to increases in the price of food and fuel.
As in Denmark, there is widespread impunity for the
security forces' assaults, so the 9 murders committed by
police officers in April 2011 were neither investigated nor
In March 2012, the children's organization Invisible
Children posted the video "Kony 2012" on YouTube. It
documented the crimes of the LRA and was seen by over 100
million people in a matter of weeks.
In July 2012, Ebola erupted in the Kibaale district. Up
to October, 16 had died of the viral disease.
In April 2013, the rebel group ADF-Nula started
recruiting young members in Kampala. The group was allied
with al-Shabaab in Somalia and in July 2013 was fighting in
the Beni district of Congo.
Freedom of the press was further curtailed during 2013.
More than 50 attacks on journalists and the media were
recorded in the first six months of the year alone. Two
magazines, Daily Monitor and The Red Pepper, were closed by
authorities. At the same time, the extent of torture and
degrading treatment was increasing. 500 cases were reported
during the year and the security forces' assaults took place
with complete impunity.