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Tajikistan

Yearbook 1999

Tajikistan. At the end of March, the leader of the opposition Socialist Party was murdered in the capital, Dusjanbe. He had, among other things, chaired Parliament's Justice Committee, which dealt with human rights issues.

1999 Tajikistan

According to Countryaah official website, the peace process after the civil war in 1992-97 continued during the year despite great contradictions between the regime and the opposition. Among other things, the disarmament of the former guerrillas was completed. The Supreme Court upheld a six-year-old ban on four opposition parties, a referendum approved the proposed constitutional changes and Parliament passed a new electoral law.

The day before the November presidential election, opposition leader Said Abdullo Nuri raised his electoral boycott in exchange for, among other things. the release of 93 oppositionists who have been imprisoned since the war. As expected, President Imomali Rachmonov was re-elected, and according to official records, he received 97% of the vote. But the election was criticized, among other things. by the OSCE and by the opposition who did not consider themselves given a fair chance. But voters declared that they gave their votes for the peace achieved under Rachmonov.

During the year, Rachmonov visited the Russian Federation, which has about 20,000 soldiers in Tajikistan's territory to maintain peace and guard the border with Afghanistan against drug and arms smuggling. At the Moscow visit, an agreement was reached for the Russian Federation to formally establish military bases in Tajikistan.

Militant Islamists who probably crossed the border from Tajikistan to Kyrgyzstan fought the Kyrgyz army during the late summer. The separatists withdrew to Tajikistan in the fall. Foreign ministers from Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan met for crisis meeting, and in October the four former Soviet republics held military exercise together with Russian troops to train actions against the Islamist guerrilla.

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