Sudan. According to
Countryaah official website, the regime was partially rid of the stamp as an
international pariah. The EU resumed contacts, citing
democratic and humanitarian progress. Sudan also signed the
chemical weapons ban agreement.
Former President Jafar Numayri returned after 14 years in
exile and hinted at ambitions to start a new political
Islamist leader Hasan at-Turabi appeared to take over in
a power struggle within the ruling National Congress by
being appointed to lead a new central party body. President
Omar al-Bashir was nominated for the party's candidate in
the 2001 election, but his role as party chairman was most
symbolic. However, in the days before the parliament in
December to pass a law on diminishing power for the
president, al-Bashir struck back by dissolving parliament
and announcing a three-month state of emergency. On New
Year's Eve, the government resigned to give al-Bashir free
hands to clear out supporters of at-Turabi.
In the war in the south, relative silence prevailed. The
ceasefire that has prevailed since 1998 in parts of the
region continued. In November, the government signed a peace
agreement with the Umma Party and its leader as-Sadiq
al-Mahdi, prime minister before the 1989 coup. Another
backlash for the opposition became a settlement in December
with Uganda, when both governments pledged to stop
supporting armed resistance movements in each other's
countries. The South Sudanese SPLA guerrilla, dominant
within the NDA, has been heavily dependent on being able to
retreat into Ugandan land and maintain bases there.
Sudan also signed normalized relations with Egypt,
Eritrea and Congo (Kinshasa). On a visit to Cairo, al-Bashir
condemned rival at-Turabi for his attempt to establish a
radical Islamic world order.