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Yearbook 1999

Sudan. According to Countryaah official website, the regime was partially rid of the stamp as an international pariah. The EU resumed contacts, citing democratic and humanitarian progress. Sudan also signed the chemical weapons ban agreement.

1999 Sudan

Former President Jafar Numayri returned after 14 years in exile and hinted at ambitions to start a new political career.

Islamist leader Hasan at-Turabi appeared to take over in a power struggle within the ruling National Congress by being appointed to lead a new central party body. President Omar al-Bashir was nominated for the party's candidate in the 2001 election, but his role as party chairman was most symbolic. However, in the days before the parliament in December to pass a law on diminishing power for the president, al-Bashir struck back by dissolving parliament and announcing a three-month state of emergency. On New Year's Eve, the government resigned to give al-Bashir free hands to clear out supporters of at-Turabi.

In the war in the south, relative silence prevailed. The ceasefire that has prevailed since 1998 in parts of the region continued. In November, the government signed a peace agreement with the Umma Party and its leader as-Sadiq al-Mahdi, prime minister before the 1989 coup. Another backlash for the opposition became a settlement in December with Uganda, when both governments pledged to stop supporting armed resistance movements in each other's countries. The South Sudanese SPLA guerrilla, dominant within the NDA, has been heavily dependent on being able to retreat into Ugandan land and maintain bases there.

Sudan also signed normalized relations with Egypt, Eritrea and Congo (Kinshasa). On a visit to Cairo, al-Bashir condemned rival at-Turabi for his attempt to establish a radical Islamic world order.

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