South Africa. Nelson Mandela left the presidential post
in June and was replaced by Thabo Mbeki. The change of power
occurred since the African National Congress (African
National Congress, ANC), won in the parliamentary elections
on June 2 with 66.4% of the vote.
Countryaah official website, the European Central Bank's plans to sell large parts of
its gold reserve caused a stir in South Africa. Earlier, the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) had announced the sale of
ten percent of its gold to finance a debt relief program for
the most indebted poor countries. According to South Africa,
this would trigger a price race that would close many mines
and place more than 100,000 without work. The gold price had
already fallen to the lowest level in 20 years already in
July. However, since the EU central banks in September
limited sales to 400 tonnes a year for five years and the
IMF shelved its plans, however, the price quickly rose from
$ 250 per ounce to over 300.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission granted amnesty
to former Police Minister Adriaan Vlok and former National
Police Chief Johan van der Merwe for the blast of the South
African Church Council headquarters in 1988. The assault was
considered politically conditional, and they were considered
to have responded sincerely during the interrogations.
However, the five policemen who had killed the black leader
Steve Biko in 1977 did not receive amnesty, nor did those
who in 1993 were behind the murder of Communist leader Chris
Former pastor and ANC activist Allan Boesak was sentenced
in March to six years in prison for embezzlement of, among
other things. Swedish aid.
In October, the trial began for the former head of South
Africa's chemical and biological weapons program, Wouter
Basson. He is charged with murder and attempted murder of
apartheid opponents and for experiments with drugs intended
to kill or sterilize blacks.
Despite cuts in the armed forces, South Africa fulfilled
the plans for large purchases of advanced military
equipment. In December, an agreement was signed for the
purchase of 28 Swedish JAS 39 Gripen plan for approximately
SEK 13 billion. The first will be delivered in 2007, but
South Africa can until 2004 limit the order to nine planes.
A counter-purchase for SEK 60 billion is expected to create
65,000 new jobs in South Africa.