Rwanda. According to
Countryaah official website, the United Nations Tribunal in Tanzania issued
two life sentences for participation in the 1994 genocide.
Georges Rutaganda, one of the top leaders of the Interahamwé
hutumilis, was convicted of genocide and crimes against
humanity. He participated in in the murders of thousands of
Tutsis who sought protection at the Kigali University of
Technology. Former governor Clément Kayishema had, according
to witnesses, paid for the severed heads of educated Tutsis,
had a shaft machine demolish a church where people sought
shelter and whipped a child with a sword.
However, prosecutors dropped the lawsuit against Major
Bernard Ntuyahaga with the intention of bringing him to
trial in Belgium. Ntuyahaga was charged with the
assassination of Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana and
ten Belgian UN soldiers who protected her. But since the
judges did not consider themselves empowered to extradite
him to another country, he seemed instead to be free.
However, the government of Tanzania later extradited him to
Rwanda. There was great anger in Rwanda when the tribunal
released one of the central instigators of the genocide,
former Chief of the Political Affairs Department of
Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza, for trial reasons. He was also the
leader of an extremist party and member of the board at a
radio station devoted to the genocide. Rwanda suspended
cooperation with the tribunal and issued an international
arrest warrant on Barayagwiza.
Former Prime Minister of Sweden Ingvar Carlsson was
commissioned by UN head Kofi Annan to investigate UN action
in Rwanda in connection with the genocide. The report, which
was submitted in December, drew sharp criticism of the UN's
inability to stave off genocide, despite the prior knowledge
of such a preparation, and the latitude to intervene even
when the disaster was evident.
In July, the transitional government extended its mandate
by five years on the grounds that conditions in Rwanda do
not yet allow democratic elections to be held. Local
elections without party participation, however, were held in