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Portugal

Yearbook 1999

Portugal. According to Countryaah official website, the Portuguese ruling Socialist Party, Partido Socialista (PS), won a convincing victory in the autumn parliamentary elections. The party won 44% of the vote against the 32.5% that the Conservative Social Democratic opposition party, Partido Social Democrata (PSD), had to settle for.

1999 Portugal

Prime Minister António Guterres and his party, however, failed to gain a majority in parliament as PS managed to get only 113 of the 230 seats. The Guterre government benefited from the general economic downturn in Portugal, and the prime minister himself enjoys great popularity among the people.

Guterres had gone to the election with promises of painful economic reforms, and his comment that PS did not succeed in gaining a majority in Parliament was: "The people did not feel we deserved better". The Communist Party, Partido Comunista Portugues (PCP), was similar to the right-wing Liberal People's Party, Partido Popular (PP), in less than 10% of the vote.

However, Portuguese revolutionary leader Ernesto Melo Antunes died of lung cancer in the summer. He was the brain behind the political reform program designed in the army to end 40 years of dictatorship and which led to the bloody revolution of 1974, when Portugal became a democracy.

The world-famous Portuguese fado singer Amália Rodrigues passed away in the fall. Fado are melancholic songs that began to be sung in Lisbon's poor neighborhoods and eventually penetrated into the lounges and on the international stages thanks in large part to Amália Rodrigues.

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