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Peru

Yearbook 1999

Peru. The year may be said to have been marked by the outside world's criticism of the legal status in Peru. On July 7, the Congress of Peru rejected the so-called jurisdiction of the San José Tribunal (Inter-American Court of Human Rights). The reason was that it demanded a new, civil trial against four members of the MRTA guerrilla movement who were sentenced in a military court in 1994. The dismissal of three members of the Supreme Court, which refused to grant President Alberto Fujimori the right to be re-elected in April 2000, has also been criticized. According to Digopaul, the Andean Law Commission (CAJ) condemned Peru for lack of control mechanisms against the president and for an independent, inefficient and corrupt legal system. Fujimori's nationalist rhetoric against the San José Tribunal, as well as his harsh treatment of imprisoned guerrillas, are generally considered to be aimed at public opinion in Peru and to prepare it for his reelection, but also to hide Peru's poor economy suffering from a permanent liquidity crisis and poor investment climate. At the same time, the tight government reforms continue - during the year Peru has had three prime ministers. In November, however, Fujimori seemed to take the impression of the international criticism against him and promised to review the security service and its powerful chief Vladimiro Montesino's activities. The direct reason is that Peru's reputation among international investors has been hurt and that loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank may be conditioned by Peru's measures against lawlessness.

1999 Peru

In July, Oscar Ramírez ("Comrade Feliciano"), the military leader of Sendero Rojo, was arrested the hard core of the now-defunct guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso who is still fighting the government.

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