Niger. According to
Countryaah official website, President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara was killed in
April by his bodyguards. The murder was believed to be
linked to a criticized decision by the Supreme Court two
days earlier to annul the local elections in February, when
the opposition won. Guard Chief Major Daouda Malam Wanké was
named new head of state and promised to reinstate civilian
rule within nine months.
Almost all aid was interrupted after the coup, which
explained the urgency to return to democracy. N. is
classified by the United Nations as the world's second
poorest country and is severely affected by the recent
uranium price collapse, the foremost natural resource.
Missing wages to government employees often lead to unrest.
A new constitution that diminished the president's power
was adopted in a referendum, despite criticism that the
political deadlock that led to Maïnassara's coup in 1996 was
caused by the then constitution having the same division of
power between the president and the government as the new
In the November presidential election, Tandja won
Mamadou, a 61-year-old retired colonel and former interior
minister. He represented the old state-bearing party MNSD,
which together with allies also won in the parliamentary
elections held at the same time. As Prime Minister, MNSD
Secretary-General Hama Amadou was appointed, who previously
held the same post.