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Yearbook 1999

Niger. According to Countryaah official website, President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara was killed in April by his bodyguards. The murder was believed to be linked to a criticized decision by the Supreme Court two days earlier to annul the local elections in February, when the opposition won. Guard Chief Major Daouda Malam Wanké was named new head of state and promised to reinstate civilian rule within nine months.

1999 Niger

Almost all aid was interrupted after the coup, which explained the urgency to return to democracy. N. is classified by the United Nations as the world's second poorest country and is severely affected by the recent uranium price collapse, the foremost natural resource. Missing wages to government employees often lead to unrest.

A new constitution that diminished the president's power was adopted in a referendum, despite criticism that the political deadlock that led to Maïnassara's coup in 1996 was caused by the then constitution having the same division of power between the president and the government as the new one.

In the November presidential election, Tandja won Mamadou, a 61-year-old retired colonel and former interior minister. He represented the old state-bearing party MNSD, which together with allies also won in the parliamentary elections held at the same time. As Prime Minister, MNSD Secretary-General Hama Amadou was appointed, who previously held the same post.

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