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Jordan

Yearbook 1999

Jordan. King J Hussein died in cancer on February 7. A few weeks earlier, by decree, he had appointed his eldest son Abdullah as his successor instead of his brother Hasan, whom he accused of trying to politicize the country's armed forces and defile Queen Nur during his absence. Hasan accepted the decision. King Hussein's funeral Feb. 8 in Amman was described as a milestone in the history of the Middle East. Hundreds of thousands of Jordanians, many in tears, gathered on the streets of the city, where over 50 heads of state and government have come. Among the guests were Syrian President Hafiz al-Asad, to whom King Hussein had had a close relationship since J. concluded a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Israeli President Ezer Weizman were also present. the Swedish royal couple.

1999 Jordan

According to Countryaah official website, Abdullah appointed his half-brother, Hamza bin Hussein, a new crown prince in accordance with his father's wishes. In March, Abdullah replaced the country's government and dismissed all followers of the former Crown Prince Hasan. New Prime Minister became the reform-friendly former Deputy Prime Minister Abd ar-Rauf Rawabda. The king also by decree appointed his wife Ranya Yasin a new queen.

During the rest of the year, Abdullah devoted a great deal to building good relationships with the outside world. In April, he made a round trip to Syria, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Egypt, Morocco, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. In May he made a similar tour to the United States as well as the United Kingdom and several other European countries. Kuwait and J. reestablished their diplomatic relations, which had been totally or partially interrupted since 1990, when J. did not take a stand against Iraq's occupation of Kuwait. In September, Abdullah visited Lebanon, where his father had not been since the 1960s. Even more drastically, J's relations with Syria improved. In May, Syria agreed to supply J. with 70,000 cubic meters of water per day for four months ahead. It was of great help to J. during this drought year in the Middle East. In August, Syria and J.

In late August, Jordanian authorities closed the Islamist organization Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement) office in Amman. During the year, the US and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) granted loans and assistance worth several hundred million dollars to help the country implement its reform program.

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