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Yearbook 1999

1999 IsraelIsrael. Ehud Barak, leader of the newly formed left-center alliance, One Israel, received 56.1% of the vote in the May 17 election. He thus defeated incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, leader of the conservative Likud. In the parliamentary elections (Knesset), held at the same time, things did not go so well for An Israel. The alliance took home 26 of Knesset's 120 seats, a decrease of eight compared to the 1996 election. However, for Likud, things went even worse - the party lost 15 seats and stayed on 19 seats. The ultra-Orthodox Shas went ahead with seven mandates to 17, despite the fact that its then leader Arye Deri had been sentenced in March to four years in prison. bribery and fraud.

1999 Israel

In early July, Barak succeeded in uniting conflicting wills in a government supported by 75 seats in the Knesset. Shas and several other religious parties were included in the coalition, but its dominant members were considered to be leading the peace process in port. Among the members of the government were David Levy, Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, Yitzhak Mordechai, Minister of Transport and Deputy Prime Minister, and Shimon Peres, Minister of Regional Cooperation.

According to Countryaah official website, Netanyahu resigned from the Knesset after the election, and a week later he also left his post as leader of Likud. New Likud leader became veteran politician and General Ariel Sharon, Foreign Minister in the latest Likud government.

The election brought some progress for the Palestinian minority. Nawaf Massalha from An Israel became the Palestinian who reached the highest post so far in Israel when he was appointed Deputy Foreign Minister.

During the election campaign, Barak promised an Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon within a year of taking office as head of government. Otherwise, the debate before and after the elections was characterized less by security policy and more by the relationship to Orthodox Jewish doctrine. In February, more than 200,000 Orthodox Jews outside the Supreme Court of I demonstrated in protest against what they believed was religious persecution within the legal system. In August, contradictions arose when a 250-tonne turbine was to be shipped from Tel Aviv to Ashkelon. In order for other traffic to be disturbed as little as possible, transport had been planned for a Sabbath evening. But under Orthodox law, no work is allowed on the Sabbath, and the plan caused the Orthodox government parties to threaten to leave the coalition.

Opposition between Christians and Muslims occurred around a square in the city of Nazareth on the West Bank. The city's Christians wanted to reserve the square for pilgrims waiting for the turn of the millennium, while an Islamist organization wanted to build a mosque there. The government of I brokered an agreement that meant that the pilgrims got a smaller place than planned, while the Islamists were allowed to start building the mosque only after the New Year.

The Supreme Court ruled in September that the security service Shin Bet must not use physical force during questioning. "Mild physical pressures" were previously allowed against persons suspected of terrorist acts.

400,000 public servants strike in March for wage increases of 8.1%. The strike was canceled when the parties agreed on wage increases of 4.8%.

Israel was severely affected during the year by the drought that characterized the Middle East. In November, it rained in the country for the first time in nine months.

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