Guinea Bissau. New battles broke out at the beginning of
the year, but the parties continued to fulfill the peace
agreement of November last year. In March, the Senegalese
and Guinean troops left the country and were replaced by a
600-man force from the West African cooperation organization
In April, a parliamentary committee released former
commander Ansumane Mané from all involvement in arms
smuggling to separatists in Senegal. It also stated that the
culprits were some forty of President João Bernardo Vieira's
supporters and that he had been aware of their involvement.
In early May, Bissau was again shaken by fierce fighting,
which was caused by the government's refusal to disband the
600-strong presidential guard, which the parties agreed to
in the peace agreement. President Vieira was toppled in a
coup on May 7. After fierce fighting in the capital, a
military junta led by former commander Ansumane Mané took
power. The Rebels had control over most of the country
before. The week after the coup, in accordance with the
constitution, the former Speaker of Parliament Malan Bacai
Sanha was appointed new President.
The deposed president, who sought protection at the
Portuguese embassy in Bissau, was allowed to leave the
country in early June and was later granted political asylum
in Portugal. Several people who were close to Vieira,
including former Prime Minister Carlos Correia, was arrested
in late July. Before that, the West African Peace Force had
left the country.
Countryaah official website, parliamentary and presidential elections were held on
November 28. The fight was between 13 parties and twelve
presidential candidates. According to international
observers, the election was largely correct. No decisive
decision could be reached in the presidential election, and
a new round of elections was planned for the beginning of
2000. The fight then stands between the opposition Kumba
Yalla and Sanha from the PAIGC (Partido Africano da
Independência da Guiné Bissau).
The parliamentary election was a success for Yalla's
party PRS (Partido para a Renovaçao Social), which received
38 seats, followed by RGB with 28 and PAIGC with 24 seats.