Ethiopia. After the winter rains failed, Ethiopia was
threatened by a new famine disaster. In June, the government
estimated that 350,000 tonnes of food were needed, and the
United Nations appealed for $ 50 million for relief efforts.
During the late summer, aid staff said they saw clear signs
of impending famine. The situation was made worse by the war
against Eritrea (for description of the war, see Eritrea).
The world's will to help a government that spent around SEK
8 million a day on warfare was weak.
In August, fighting took place in southern Ethiopia
between the army and the oromo's separatist guerrilla OLF.
The government claimed to have shattered the guerrillas and
killed its leaders, but the information was contradictory.
Despite the wars and famine, the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) praised Ethiopia's economic development over the
past two years. However, the IMF warned that falling coffee
prices could increase the trade deficit.
Countryaah official website, a smaller aircraft with a Swedish and a British pilot was
shot down in northern Ethiopia in September. According to
the government, the plane had not followed the agreed route
via Djibouti but flew over the war front.
The lengthy trial of the overthrown Mengistu regime
resulted in the first death sentence in November. A
lieutenant was sentenced in his absence for the murder of