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Eritrea

Yearbook 1999

Eritrea. After a standstill in February, new fighting broke out along the disputed border with Ethiopia. Like when the war began in May 1998, hostilities began at the western end of the common border but soon spread all the way down to the Red Sea. Both sides claimed great success. After a few weeks, Eritrea agreed to accept a peace plan put forward by the African cooperation organization OAU, and in Ethiopia there was talk of a "total victory". Despite this, the fighting continued throughout spring and early summer, with heavy losses on both sides. Outstanding judges guessed that thousands, or even tens of thousands, were killed.

1999 Eritrea

Only after an OAU meeting in Algiers in July did the fighting stop. Both sides then agreed to the OAU plan, according to which Eritrea would withdraw from all areas occupied since May 6, 1998, while Ethiopia would evacuate areas occupied after February 6, 1999. However, Ethiopia immediately accused Eritrea of ​​imposing unfair terms, e.g. damages to the tens of thousands of Eritreans displaced from Ethiopia. When Ethiopia rejected parts of the OAU plan in September on the grounds that it did not explicitly stipulate that Eritrea should leave the two towns of Zalambessa and Bure on the western front, this was seen in Eritrea as a new declaration of war. During the fall, a recharge took place along the front, and a new outbreak of war seemed inevitable.

According to Countryaah official website, The World Bank punished both countries for their warfare by stopping all funding for new development projects.

 
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