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Chad

Yearbook 1999

Chad. At the beginning of the year, Chad received about 25,000 refugees who sought refuge from fighting in neighboring Sudan. At the same time, the low-intensity Chadian civil war between the government army and various rebel groups continued. The Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad, one of the larger rebel groups led by former Defense Minister Youssouf Togoimi, repeatedly claimed during the year that the government army on several fronts in the north succeeded in inflicting heavy losses. As usual, the data was denied from the government.

1999 Chad

According to Countryaah official website, another rebel group, Chad's movement for democracy and development, signed a peace deal with the regime in early July. But it turned out that not all of the leaders of the rebel movement accepted the deal. During the latter part of the year, the government also negotiated with Togoimi's group, and President Idriss Déby visited the conflict area in the north.

Chad suffered a severe financial setback when oil companies Shell and Elf announced at the end of the year that they were about to withdraw from a planned oil recovery project in southwest Chad. The oil would have been exported by pipeline via Cameroon to the Atlantic coast. The planned oil production was expected to give the country annual income of the equivalent of SEK 850 million, a huge addition to one of the world's poorest countries. But the project has been criticized by environmental organizations as it would affect forests, river systems and agricultural land in an area where most of Chad's food is grown.

The delays of the oil project and the continued uprising in the north in December led to the resignation of Prime Minister Nassour Ouado. The new head of government appointed the president his close associate, Nagoum Yamassoum, former Minister of Education and Culture.

At the end of the year, the depleting Chad Lake was flooded by the worst rainfall in several decades, and at least 25,000 people were forced to flee their homes.

 
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