Cambodia. After fierce international and domestic
criticism, Prime Minister Hun Sen announced in January that
he supports the claims of former Red Khmer leaders for the
genocide and other crimes against humanity that took place
during their time in power, from 1975 to 1979. In March,
government troops 72-year-old Ta Mok, former military
commander of the guerrilla and in practice its leader since
1997, and in May, the former head of the Red Khmer security
service, Kang Kek Ieu, was named and named Duch. He lived
under another name in a small town in western Cambodia., had become
a newly saved Christian and served as a missionary and aid
worker. In September, both were formally charged with
genocide, but no definitive date for the trial had been set.
After tough negotiations, Hun Sen reached an agreement
with the UN in the fall to set up a special tribunal to
judge the former leaders of the Red Khmer. The US Prime
Minister, with the help of the US, pushed through his demand
that more than half of the court's lawyers be Cambodians,
contrary to the UN's proposal for an independent
international court. In September, some 5,000 people, led by
opposition leader Sam Rangsi, are said to have demonstrated
in the capital, demanding an independent UN court.
In June, another guerrilla leader, Nuon Paet, was
sentenced to life in prison by a court in the capital, Phnom
Penh, for involvement in the kidnapping and murder of three
tourists in 1994. offender. Several of the Red Khmer top
political leaders are still living in freedom in the city of
Pailin near the Thai border, after signing a ceasefire
agreement with the Phnom Penh government. Several assessors
fear they will never be brought to justice.
Countryaah official website, the last about 4,000 guerrillas were reportedly
surrendered in February, in the former Khmer Khmer Anlong
Veng. Of these, 1,700 were integrated into the Royal Army,
Royal Khmer Armed Forces (RKAF), and the others received a
financial grant to reunite with their families.
In April, Cambodia was elected a member of the Southeast Asian
Cooperation Body ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian
Nations). That meant a personal triumph for Hun Sen, whose
government in 1997 was denied membership following the coup
d'谷tat against Hun Sen's co-prince Norodom Ranariddh.
1960 The Vietnam War spreads to Cambodia
Sihanouk led a neutral policy and developed a good
relationship with Vietnam and China, but the rising North
American intervention in the 1960s created problems.
Sihanouk allowed the border provinces against Vietnam to be
used as bases and supply lines for the liberation movement
in South Vietnam. These areas were in fact controlled by the
Vietnamese liberation movement. In 1965, therefore, for the
first time, the South Vietnamese military government bombed
Cambodia, pushing the country closer to the Soviet Union and
China. In 1968 initiated the US its first bombing of the
so-called "Ho Chi Minh trail" that through Cambodia supplied
Vietcong with supplies from North Vietnam
At the same time as the Soviet Union and China supported
Sihanouk's regime, a guerrilla movement was developed in the
1960s - the Khmer Rouge (Red Khmer). The move was led by Pol
Pot, who refused to cooperate with Sihanouk. Sihanouk waged
a limited war on this movement.
1970 The CIA crashes Sihanouk
In 1970, Sihanouk was overthrown by a military coup
planned by the CIA while conducting diplomatic missions in
defense of the country's independence. The new military
government, led by General Lon Nol, received $ 1.6 million
in "aid" from the United States over the following 5 years.
The military government immediately demanded that Vietcong
extend out of the country. That led to reconciliation
between Sihanouk, the Vietnamese and the Khmer Rouge, who
continued the guerrilla fight against the regime. The
military junta survived for only 5 years due to the massive
assistance provided by South Vietnam and the United States,
and support continued into the actual North American
invasion of the country under the pretext of the fight
against the Khmer Rouge.
Prince Sihanouk went into exile in Beijing, forming from
there in collaboration with the Khmer Rouge Kampuchea's
National Unity Front, which used the country's old name in
the Khmer language. In 1973, the Khmer Rouge went on the
offensive and in April 1975 the movement captured the
capital Phnom Penh - shortly before Vietcong threw North
Americans out of Saigon. The liberation struggle and US
intervention had so far cost more than 100,000 Cambodians.