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Cambodia

Yearbook 1999

Cambodia. After fierce international and domestic criticism, Prime Minister Hun Sen announced in January that he supports the claims of former Red Khmer leaders for the genocide and other crimes against humanity that took place during their time in power, from 1975 to 1979. In March, government troops 72-year-old Ta Mok, former military commander of the guerrilla and in practice its leader since 1997, and in May, the former head of the Red Khmer security service, Kang Kek Ieu, was named and named Duch. He lived under another name in a small town in western Cambodia., had become a newly saved Christian and served as a missionary and aid worker. In September, both were formally charged with genocide, but no definitive date for the trial had been set.

After tough negotiations, Hun Sen reached an agreement with the UN in the fall to set up a special tribunal to judge the former leaders of the Red Khmer. The US Prime Minister, with the help of the US, pushed through his demand that more than half of the court's lawyers be Cambodians, contrary to the UN's proposal for an independent international court. In September, some 5,000 people, led by opposition leader Sam Rangsi, are said to have demonstrated in the capital, demanding an independent UN court.

In June, another guerrilla leader, Nuon Paet, was sentenced to life in prison by a court in the capital, Phnom Penh, for involvement in the kidnapping and murder of three tourists in 1994. offender. Several of the Red Khmer top political leaders are still living in freedom in the city of Pailin near the Thai border, after signing a ceasefire agreement with the Phnom Penh government. Several assessors fear they will never be brought to justice.

According to Countryaah official website, the last about 4,000 guerrillas were reportedly surrendered in February, in the former Khmer Khmer Anlong Veng. Of these, 1,700 were integrated into the Royal Army, Royal Khmer Armed Forces (RKAF), and the others received a financial grant to reunite with their families.

In April, Cambodia was elected a member of the Southeast Asian Cooperation Body ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations). That meant a personal triumph for Hun Sen, whose government in 1997 was denied membership following the coup d'谷tat against Hun Sen's co-prince Norodom Ranariddh.

1999 Cambodia

1960 The Vietnam War spreads to Cambodia

Sihanouk led a neutral policy and developed a good relationship with Vietnam and China, but the rising North American intervention in the 1960s created problems. Sihanouk allowed the border provinces against Vietnam to be used as bases and supply lines for the liberation movement in South Vietnam. These areas were in fact controlled by the Vietnamese liberation movement. In 1965, therefore, for the first time, the South Vietnamese military government bombed Cambodia, pushing the country closer to the Soviet Union and China. In 1968 initiated the US its first bombing of the so-called "Ho Chi Minh trail" that through Cambodia supplied Vietcong with supplies from North Vietnam

At the same time as the Soviet Union and China supported Sihanouk's regime, a guerrilla movement was developed in the 1960s - the Khmer Rouge (Red Khmer). The move was led by Pol Pot, who refused to cooperate with Sihanouk. Sihanouk waged a limited war on this movement.

1970 The CIA crashes Sihanouk

In 1970, Sihanouk was overthrown by a military coup planned by the CIA while conducting diplomatic missions in defense of the country's independence. The new military government, led by General Lon Nol, received $ 1.6 million in "aid" from the United States over the following 5 years. The military government immediately demanded that Vietcong extend out of the country. That led to reconciliation between Sihanouk, the Vietnamese and the Khmer Rouge, who continued the guerrilla fight against the regime. The military junta survived for only 5 years due to the massive assistance provided by South Vietnam and the United States, and support continued into the actual North American invasion of the country under the pretext of the fight against the Khmer Rouge.

Prince Sihanouk went into exile in Beijing, forming from there in collaboration with the Khmer Rouge Kampuchea's National Unity Front, which used the country's old name in the Khmer language. In 1973, the Khmer Rouge went on the offensive and in April 1975 the movement captured the capital Phnom Penh - shortly before Vietcong threw North Americans out of Saigon. The liberation struggle and US intervention had so far cost more than 100,000 Cambodians.

 

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