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Burundi

Yearbook 1999

Burundi. The financial sanctions introduced by the neighboring countries after the 1996 coup were lifted in January on the grounds that democratization work has made great progress. Since the summer of 1998, Burundi has been ruled by a unifying government, and Parliament has been expanded to give voice to smaller parties. Continued negotiations in Tanzania on Reforms of the judiciary and the armed forces, however, did not produce any great results. In the fall, the talks stopped, both because the mediator, Tanzania's former president Julius Nyerere, fell ill and that hutumilis launched a series of attacks against the capital of Bujumbura's suburbs. Hopes for new peace contacts rose again since South Africa's former President Nelson Mandela was appointed new mediator.

1999 Burundi

According to Countryaah official website, the fighting around Bujumbura led to more than a quarter of a million civilians, most of them Hutu, being moved to guarded camps, mainly with the intention of isolating the militia. Earlier in the Civil War, which began after the assassination of the first elected president in the fall of 1993, 550,000 had been moved to camp and 300,000 had left the country. Militia's assassination of two UN employees in October caused the World Organization to suspend its operations in Burundi. In a report, the UN criticized the brutality of both sides, but not least the arbitrary imprisonment of the authorities and the widespread torture.

The camps, where people live in difficult conditions, were sharply criticized by the United States. Criticism also came from the African collaboration organization OAU, which in December urged the Burundi government to close camps as soon as possible.

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