Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Europe > Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 1999

1999 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. Stagnation characterized the political life in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in many cases the international peace coordinator - called the "High Representative" - had to make important political decisions himself. At the beginning of the year, Spaniard Carlos Westendorp was peace coordinator, but he was succeeded by Austrian diplomat Wolfgang Petritsch, who showed his muscles as he fired 22 elected politicians from all three peoples groups - Muslims, Croats and Serbs. Before that, Westendorp had kicked, among other things. According to Countryaah official website, Republican Srpska President Nikola Poplasen because he refused to cooperate on ethnic diversity, as provided for in the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995. The poplas, an ultranationalist, reacted with anger and urged the Serbs to armed struggle against the dictates of the outside world. However, he was not obeyed.

1999 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Despite the great efforts of the Peace Coordinator, his associates and American and European aid organizations, 1.2 million refugees could not return to their homes because of ethnic contradictions; that is close to one third of Bosnia and Herzegovina's population of 3.5 million. The situation had almost worsened in the divided city of Mostar in Herzegovina in southwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the tension between Croats and Muslims was almost sharpened. In the Muslim enclave Goražde in Republika Srpska, Serbs did not dare to move into the more than forty houses that an international aid organization had earmarked for them. At the same time, Goražde was overpopulated by Muslim refugees who did not dare to return to their homes because some other population group was in the majority in their hometowns. In the suburbs of Sarajevo where the Serbs lived until the end of the war in 1995, there was also no relocation to speak of. The Serbs fled their heads when the city attacked the Federation of Muslims and Croats.

Business was hampered by a pervasive bureaucracy, brother-in-law and corruption. In the summer, the American New York Times published a secret-stamped report that showed that politicians and authorities in Bosnia had stolen a billion dollars from international aid, amounting to just over $ 5 billion.

In Sarajevo, a large conference was held in the summer, drawing up a stability plan for the entire Balkan Peninsula, attended by heads of state and government from around the world, including US President Bill Clinton. UN coordinator Carl Bildt emphasized that this was not an actual pact but about the beginning of a process.

The conflict over the city of Brčko on the banks of the Savas river, which linked the eastern and western parts of the Republika Srpska and which both Croats and Muslims and Serbs claimed, was resolved by an international arbitration tribunal. He decided that the city should be an autonomous, multicultural district under the supervision of the world community.

The Swedish battalion, which was a member of the NATO-led SFOR (Stabilization Force) force, was withdrawn, and only about forty Swedes remained at the turn of the year. The entire NATO force in Bosnia and Herzegovina lost from 32,000 to 19,000 soldiers. The SFOR force seized a few suspected war criminals during the year, but still Serbald Radovan Karadžić and General Ratko Mladić, both prosecuted for war crimes at the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague, were released.

Other Countries in Europe

Countries and Learners Copyright 1999 - 2020 All Rights Reserved