Bangladesh. The political confrontation climate that
Bangladesh has lived with for many years continued. The
opposition conducted a series of demonstrations and strikes,
which led to severe unrest. According to
Countryaah official website, the motives for the actions
varied; several strikes demanded that the electoral
commission chairman must resign, at other times the
resignation of the government was demanded, again other
protests were about India's right to transit goods through
Bangladesh, which the opposition feared would be used to
smuggle weapons to separatists.
Foreign lenders, who have already expressed concern that
instability threatens both investment and development
projects, sharpened the tone. In September, they threatened
to reduce their support unless economic and political
reforms were accelerated. According to the aid countries,
corruption and inefficiencies cause the state to lose the
equivalent of $ 1.5 billion in missing taxes each year, as
much as the total aid. The donors also criticized human
rights violations, in particular the forced eviction of
50,000 residents in a slum in Dhaka in August.
The writer Taslima Nasrin, who returned from the
country's escape in 1998, was forced to leave the country
again after new death threats from Islamic fundamentalists.
UN Children's Fund UNICEF reported that there are at
least 6.3 million child workers under the age of 14 in
Bangladesh. The children work mainly as maids, farm workers
or rickshaws. According to the Government of Bangladesh, the
goal is to wipe out child labor by 2005.
After the election, the opposition attacked Hindu temples
all over the country and thousands of Hindus were displaced.
Hasina defended herself by declaring that she had offered
Zia to join a national unity government to resolve the
conflict, but Zia had declined. UN Ban Ki-Moon criticized
both parties and urged them to enter into negotiations to
secure an inclusive political process in the country.
In early January 2015, the opposition again conducted
demonstrations against the government on the anniversary of
the 2014 elections. The government again responded with
arrests. BNP woman Khaleda Zia was de-facto arrested on
January 3 and BNP acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul
Islam Alamghir arrested on January 6 when he left the Dakha
Press Club accused of organizing opposition demonstrations
the day before, costing several people's lives when it came
to clashes between protesters and security forces.
In 2016, the religious militant groups
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and Ansar al-Islam
linked to IS and al-Qaeda carried out numerous attacks
against foreigners, religious minorities and LGBT persons. A
total of 32 were killed. The bloodiest attack took place in
July, when JMB stormed a restaurant in Dakha, killing 22 -
18 of them foreigners. Authorities struck violently again,
arresting over 15,000. Human rights organizations pointed
out that the authorities used the opportunity to imprison a
host of other human rights and political activists. In the
weeks following the restaurant massacre, police shot and
killed 45 people, identified by authorities as "terrorists."
The authorities also stepped up the fight against freedom
of expression. In February, it sued the editor-in-chief of
the Daily Star newspaper, Mahfuz Anam, for more
than 80 cases of "slander". The persecution of the
authorities was particularly directed at people who in the
media or on the Internet had criticized Prime Minister
Hasina or the Awami League. During the year, the police
introduced new methods to journalists, activists and
opposition. They were unmotivated shot in the knees or in
the legs during demonstrations or subsequently at a police
station. The purpose was to take the critics of the regime
out of circulation for a long period.